CA Safeguarding Policy
This Safeguarding Policy for the Croquet Association was adopted by its Council on 28th January, 2017.
Please also see other information regarding Safeguarding available on the CA website, which includes recommendations and a model safeguarding policy for clubs.
Children are defined as persons of less than 18 years of age. Adults are legally defined as vulnerable only if they are receiving health or personal care, but the CA recognises that anyone can be subject to abuse and thus this policy should be read with adults as well as children in mind.
Regulated Activity in relation to children means, as far as croquet is concerned, teaching, training or instruction, care or supervision, or driving a vehicle being used only for transporting children, that is carried out by the same person once a week or more, or 4 or more days in 30, or overnight. A fuller definition and discussion of it is contained in the guidance on the CA website.
This policy covers the Croquet Association (CA) in its role as a national governing body and any activity carried out under its auspices. Activities organised by clubs, federations or academies should be covered by their own safeguarding policies, which should include a provision to report any allegations made to the CA's National Safeguarding Officer.
2 Policy Statement
- The child's welfare is paramount and the CA is committed to provide a safe place for children.
- All children have the right to protection from abuse.
- All suspicions and allegations of inappropriate behaviour will be dealt with.
3 Recognising Abuse
This section explains briefly what child abuse is, how to recognise it, and what to do.
3.1 What is Child Abuse?
Child abuse is a term used to describe ways in which children are harmed, usually by adults, and includes physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, mental abuse, and bullying.
3.1.1 Physical Abuse
Physical abuse occurs where adults or other children:
- Physically hurt or injure children
- Give children noxious substances (e.g. alcohol/drugs)
Neglect includes situations in which adults:
- Consistently leave children unsupervised
- Fail to ensure children are safe or expose them to unnecessary risk of injury
3.1.3 Sexual Abuse
Children are sexually abused when adults or children use them to meet their own sexual needs. Examples:
- Unlawful intercourse
- Inappropriate touching
- Taking pornographic photographs
3.1.4 Mental Abuse
When children are:
- Taunted or unnecessarily shouted at
- Subjected to undue criticism
- Put under unreasonable pressure to perform
May be carried out by adults or by other children:
- Bullying is deliberately hurtful behaviour usually repeated over a period of time
- Any child can be a victim of bullying
- More usual victims are shy, sensitive, anxious and insecure
4 How to Recognise if a Child is being Abused
It is not always easy to spot when children have been abused. However, typical symptoms would include:
- Unexplained or suspicious injuries
- Sexually explicit language or actions
- A sudden change in behaviour
- The child describes an abusive act
- The child has a general distrust and avoidance of adults
- An unreasonable reaction to normal physical contact
Although a child may be displaying some or all of these signs, it does not necessarily mean the child is being abused.
All those who have or are likely to have significant contact with under-18s will be subject to scrutiny. Such persons must provide to the CA's National Safeguarding Officer
- a statement indicating whether or not they have any conviction for criminal offences against children;
- information about their past careers or experience so that it can be established independently if there has been any conviction for criminal offences against children;
- their consent to checks being made with the police and social services.
An enhanced DBS disclosure will be requested for anyone engaging in regulated activity. It is a condition of the award of CA Coaching Qualifications that any coach who has not been DBS checked must notify the CA's Safeguarding Officer to arrange to undergo a check before engaging in regulated activity.
6 Prevention of Abuse
This section offers advice aimed at protecting children from abuse and members from false allegations.
The person appointed by the CA to manage an activity will point out to parents of under-18s who take part in activities that the CA will take every possible care of children but they cannot be deemed to be in loco parentis.
6.1 Good Practice Guide
Opportunities for abuse can be minimised, and members can be protected against allegations, by the use of good practice.
- Except for essential training purposes, or in exceptional cases to treat or prevent injury, minimise time spent alone with children
- Do not take children alone in a car
- Do not take children to your home
- Where these situations are unavoidable ensure they only occur with the authority of the child's parents or a responsible person within the CA
6.2 You Should Never
- Allow children to use inappropriate language
- Make suggestive comments to a child
- Fail to act upon allegations made by a child
- Do things of a personal nature for children
- Engage in physical or sexually provocative games
- Engage in inappropriate touching
7 What to do if there are Allegations of Abuse
Where there is an allegation of abuse, there may be three types of investigation:
- A criminal investigation (police)
- A safeguarding investigation (social services)
- A disciplinary or misconduct investigation (CA)
7.1 Action if a Child Complains He/She is being Abused
- Stay calm - ensure the child is safe and feels secure
- Tell the child you are taking the complaint seriously
- Be honest; explain you will have to tell somebody else, emphasising that this will be on a need to know basis
- Document what the child has said as soon as possible - handwritten accounts should be made. In the event that these are subsequently typed up ALWAYS keep the original handwritten copy with it.
- Report the matter:
to the police if you think the child is in immediate danger;
to the local authority child protection team; and
to the CA's National Safeguarding Officer, who will inform the CA's Hon. Secretary of any concerns.
- Rush into actions
- Make promises you cannot keep
- Ask inappropriate questions
- Take sole responsibility
7.1.3 Why Should I Intervene?
- Taking the correct action about abuse is never easy
- You may be upset about what the child has said or you may worry about the consequences of your actions
- One thing is certain: you cannot ignore abuse
- The effects of abuse on children can be devastating
7.1.4 Recording Information
- Record basic information (see point 7.1.1 Always above)
- Do not start an investigation
- Remember that unnecessary interviews with a child may prejudice a police enquiry
- Consider environment carefully if recording information
- Ensure another adult is present
- Avoid touching the child.
8 Written Parental/Guardian Consent
Where a child is to take part in an away match or event a written parental consent form should be obtained. Likewise, if photographs are to be taken for training purposes or publication the parent/guardian's permission must be obtained and no addresses, emails or telephone numbers must be publicised.
9 CA Safeguarding Officer
The CA's national officer with responsibility for safeguarding is Jean Hargreaves, 9 St. Paul's Rd., Salford, M7 3NY, tel: 0161 792 4694, or e-mail.
Please contact her with any queries.